Tai Hing Cotton Mill 1957-2014
Hugh Farmer with thanks to Carles Brasó for the images of YC Chen and the drawing of the mill. The SCMP, 19th Apr 2014, published an article ” End of an Era as Cotton Mill Closes”. The Tai Hing Cotton Mill, the last of its kind here was located in Tuen Mun.
Carles has added the following: According to the Hong Kong Cotton Spinners Association, Tai Hing was founded in September 1957 by Y. C. Chen (Chen Yuanchu). The mill was built in Castle Peak, New Territories with dormitories and dining halls. In the mid 1970s the company expanded vertically with new divisions of dyeing & finishing, texturizing, knitting and garments. Annual production in 1975 amounted to 16 million lbs of cotton yarn, 4 million 1bs of other yarns, and over 17 million sq. yds. of cotton cloth. The main brands were Yarn & Cloth, Maple, Twin Beauty and Star Fish.
In 1988, Tai Hing had 22,400 normal spindles, 8,008 open-end spindles and 384 doubling spindles. It produced annually 57 million 1bs of yarn, 10.6 million of dyed yarns and 5.4 million of worsted yarns. The company was planning to build a new factory building. It seems that the company had sold or outsourced the looms it had in the 1970s as they are not registered in the 1988 report. Yarn brands were Maple, Twin Beauty and Star Fish.
Indeed the closing of Tai Hing puts an end to an era of 67 years of cotton spinning industry in Hong Kong, since the first spinning mill was built in 1947.
Sadly 300 workers at the Mill are unlikely to find work because “many were old and their skills were not needed in modern Hong Kong.” The company plans to move its production line to somewhere in South East Asia but will retain an office in Hong Kong. The two largest industries in Hong Kong during the 1970s and 1980s were textiles and clothing manufacturing. In 1979 this sector employed more than 378,000 people, 18% of the total working population. Truly the closure of Tai Hing is the end of an era in Hong Kong’s industrial history.
“In the past, there were around 40-odd textile factories in Hong Kong. Only two remain in 2009, i.e., Tai Hing Cotton Mill and Central Textiles’ spinning factory. Nowadays, it is very difficult to run a weaving factory and many Hong Kong operations have relocated to cheaper places such as Africa, India, Indonesia and Sri Lanka. Textile companies who fail to stand out in the competitive market were either closed down or shifted to other businesses.” http://www.hkmemory.hk/collections/oral_history/All_Items_OH/oha_13/highlight/index.html#p64509
This article was first posted on 8th June 2014.
Related Indhhk articles:
- Shanghai Spinners: Pioneers of Hong Kong’s Industrialization 1947-1955
- About Nanyang Cotton Mills Ltd
- Eastern Cotton Mills
- The Hongkong Cotton-Spinning, Weaving and Dyeing Company Ltd 1898 -1914
- Textile Industrial Terms used in HK Cotton-Spinning… Company article 1898-1914
- Leigh and Orange ltd – 1889 “builders” of Hongkong Cotton-Spinning …Company
- Platt Brothers, Oldham, UK, Hongkong Cotton Spinning…Company connection 1898
- Pao Hsing Cotton Mill(寶星紡織廠)
- Y.C. Hu and L.S. Ku – directors of Pao Hsing Cotton Mill
- Hong Kong Textile Industry Photos and Information 1953, 1958 + 1961
- Q+A39 Was cotton grown in the New Territories post 1898?