Asiatic Petroleum Company, China – family connections

Ian Brown has been in touch. His father’s cousin Joe MacDonald worked for the Asiatic Petroleum Company pre WW2. Ian writes,” the Shanghai base [of APC] seems to ring a bell for me when I recall my father talking about Joe MacDonald’s time in China which I feel was not necessarily that long, curtailed by the war. I have a record of him sailing on the Corfu for Hong Kong in November 1937, he married Lizzie Smith in September 1937, he married late at the age of 43.” I’ll post what Ian knows about Mr MacDonald in a separate article.

And Hong Kong based Nicholas Kitto also has a family connection to APC. On his website he writes, “my Grandfather, John ‘Jack’ Kitto, was recruited directly from school by Royal Dutch Shell in 1910. After training in their London office he travelled to Shanghai on the Trans-Siberian Railway and commenced work with The Asiatic Petroleum Company (North China) Limited on 16 September 1912. He remained with APC in various locations in China until his retirement in 1939.”

It seems highly likely that Joe and Jack will have known each other.

Nicholas has a superb collection of photographs of APC buildings in about nine cities in China. They are linked below.

Let’s start with some background information about the company.

Asiatic Petroleum Company was a joint venture between the Shell and Royal Dutch oil companies and was founded in 1903. It operated in Asia in the early 20th century with its corporate headquarters on The Bund, in Shanghai.

Before the formation of the Royal Dutch Shell Group in 1907, Shell Transport Trading Company Limited and Royal Dutch Petroleum Company, originally competitors, established a presence in the South China region. The Shell Company is recorded as exporting to China by 1891 and Royal Dutch by 1894.

The benefits of working together to develop Far Eastern markets for oil products had already become apparent by the early part of the new century and a joint venture, the Asiatic Petroleum Company Limited (APC), was set up for this purpose in 1903.

Before and after the merger of interests in 1907, much of the companies’ business was conducted through agents, but by 1913 demand for oil products had outgrown this arrangement and APC’s northern and southern branches were formed to manage operations in the region. APC (South China) set up its office in Hong Kong’s Central district as a regional head office for South China and the Philippines. These are the direct antecedents of the present Shell Companies in China and Hong Kong.

Asiatic Petroleum Company Arrow company houseboat c1920.1930s

The ‘Arrow’ APC houseboat Registered in ShanghaI C1920/1930S

In 1941, APC (South China) was the second largest corporation in Hong Kong, with an issued capital of over HK$150 million – just less than the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank.

However, business activities ceased during WWII when Japan requisitioned APC’s possessions in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

Asiatic Petroleum Company building, The Bund, Shangai, date unknown 1920s

Asiatic Petroleum Company building The Bund, Shanghai, 1920s?

This article was first posted on 27th November 2014.


  1. Nicholas Kitto’s photographs of  Asiatic Petroleum buildings in China


  1. Shell history in China  the company website
  2. Shell history in Hong Kong the company website

Related Indhhk articles:

  1. Asiatic Petroleum Company – contemporary photographs of its Shanghai building
  2. Royal Dutch Shell Oil Company in China



  • Robin Knight

    Did ASP have offices in Peking?

  • Yvonne Willis

    Is it possible to access a list of employees from 1907? Does Shell have an archivist?

  • Jude Dobson

    Hello, I am trying to track my grandfather Ernest Kirk who worked here before WW1 broke out. Like Yvonne above, I would like to know if there is an archivist at Shell who can help me find out more.

  • Christopher Henwood

    Hello I am trying to find out further information on my late uncle Godfrey Thomerson who worked as an “assistant” at Asiatic Petroleum in the years leading up to WW 2. He served with the Royal Hong Kong Volunteer regiment and was killed on Dec 25th 1941.

  • Gerard Molyneux

    Looking for information about Gerald Spencer Pratt, who worked for this company from circa 1923, returning to England on the Empress of Scotland, arriving at Liverpool 12th February 1947 from Kure Japan.

  • Robin Hutcheon

    My father, Robert Rae Hutcheon from Aberdeen, Scotland, was employed by APC from the early 1920s until his retirement to Sydney, Australia, in 1940. Earlier he served as a ship’s engineer for Butterfield and Swire during WW1 years. He was employed by APC in Chingkiang, Hankow (where he married in 1924), Shanghai and Tientsin. He had three children, two of whom, with his wife, Ethel, were pirated when the Swire ship, ss Shuntien, on which they were travelling to Shanghai, was pirated off the Yellow River in 1934. During the Japanese invasion, the family were later evacuated from Hankow in 1937 on board HMS Capetown with other British residents..
    His son, Robin, later lived in Hongkong from 1953-1986 where he was employed by the South China Morning Post as journalist and Editor. He married a fellow journalist, Beatrice Greaves, and they had three children, Stephen, Andrew and Jane.
    Robin was also the author of histories on the South China Morning Post, the Hongkong and China Gas Co Ltd, the Hongkong and Kowloon Wharf and Godown. Company, Deacon and Co Ltd, Li and Fung Ltd, the Hongkong Housing Society, the Royal Observatory, as well as a biography of Sir Yuekong Pao, George. Marden and the 19th century artists, George Chinnery and Auguste Borget. He also wrote a history of the China Coast, China Yellow, published by the Chinese University of HK.

    • York Lo

      I have enjoyed the many books written by Robin Hutcheon and his works inspire me to write the articles in this group

  • Mike Scudder

    I believe my grandmother’s brother Henry Edward Claude TURNER (b. Ilminster Somerset) was an employee of APC c1930. His family’s passage was paid for by the “Asiatic Petroleum Company London” when he transited from England to Shanghai in March of 1930. They stopped in Canada and visited my grandparents en route. (This information is captured on a Canadian Passenger Lists, 1865-1935 for Robert H Turner – Halifax, Nova Scotia 1930 March). His occupation is listed as “Seafarer”. Claude Turner met and married his wife Ethel in Shanghai and their son Robert was born in China about 1926.

    • Hello Mike

      Very good to hear from you. I wonder if I could add the information you included in your comment about Henry Edward Claude Turner to our article,
      Asiatic Petroleum Company employees, a compilation – information needed. If you don’t mind I will email you directly about this.

      Best wishes
      Hugh Farmer

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