Indo-China Steam Navigation Company 1873-1974

HF: The Indo-China Steam Navigation Company Ltd (ICSNC), was established in 1873 as a subsidiary of Hong Kong based Jardine, Matheson & Co.

Indo-China Steam Navigation Co Ltd 1923 advert wikipedia

1923 Advert

With the advent of steam, Jardines became concerned that it might lose its former advantage in operating fast clippers. As a result, the company became seriously involved in steamships in the mid-1850s servicing the Bengal – China trade. Regular services up and down the coast, with occasional diversions to Japan, were implemented around the same time.

 Jardines established the China Coast Steam Navigation Co. (CCSNC) in 1873, which operated between Chinese ports and Japan. ICSNC was floated on the London Stock Exchange in 1881 with a capital of £449,800The new company amalgamated the group’s river, coastal and cargo interests, taking over CCSNC’s coastal fleet and sending ships to Singapore, Calcutta and Vladivostock.  In 1885, a new service from Hong Kong to Manila began operating.

In the early 20th century, more than half of all the ships on the Yangtze River were owned by ICSNC and their arch rivals Butterfield and Swire. British investment in the Yangtze Valley, including Shanghai had reached over £200,000,000 by the 1920s. This was almost equal to the amount invested in the whole of British India at that time, and significantly more than British investments in Africa.

Indo China Steam Navigation Co Ltd Advert 12.12.1928

China Mail 12.12.1928

Indo-China Steam Navigation Co Ltd company pennant

Company pennant

Trade flourished until the end of the Second World War when the 1943 British–Chinese Treaty for the Relinquishment of Extra-Territorial Rights in China shut down the Yangtze River trade and routes between the Chinese coastal ports. In response, ICSNC diversified into the China — Australia trade.

Post-WW2 passenger voyages between the Far East, Straits and Bay of Bengal was abandoned at the end of 1955 and in the same year, Auckland became a port of call on the Australia route.

Between November 1960-April 1961 Eastern Argosy and Eastern Star were plying the Hong Kong, Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Wellington, Auckland route returning via Melbourne and Sydney to Hong Kong. The Eastern Glory and Eastern Trader operated between Hong Kong, Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide.

Later on, increased competition from Indian and Japanese companies reduced profitability and ICSNC, London was liquidated in 1974. ICSNC, Hong Kong moved into the bulk shipping business and also became involved in the Gearbulk container pool, as well as branching out into other industries. (1)

Indo-China Steam Navigation Co Ltd 1923 undated Masthead

undated

This article was first posted on 7th April 2016.

See:

  1. Jardines’ company website 
  2. Gearbulk company website

Sources:

  1. Wikipedia – Indo-China Steam Navigation Company Ltd

Related Indhhk articles:

  1. Thomas Selby – Cutty Sark, Indo-China Steam Navigation Company and Bullivants

6 Comments

  • Hein

    Hi
    Intesting information
    any photo of indo china ships
    thank you

  • As a young man I sailed on many of these ships = ss Hinsang, Eastern Saga/Moon/Queen/Argosy. Best for me was Eastern Queen with 50 passengers on regular Australia-Japan service, ss Hinsang was a novel experience for 5 months in 1964 on HK – Borneo logging run.

    • Hello Mr Ballantyne

      Thanks very much for your second comment about the Indo-China Steam Navigation Company. I am very interested in the fact that you worked for the company and will contact you directly if you don’t mind.

      Best wishes
      Hugh Farmer

  • Dear Sir,
    My father travelled from India (from Calcutta I think) to Singapore in 1941 on the Wing Sang, and arrived in Singapore the same day the Japanese bombed the harbour!
    I have been looking for more information on the ship, but not much luck upto now. Would deeply appreciate any info you might be able to share.
    Thank you and best regards,
    Asoka Indrasoma
    Sri Lanka

  • Peter Cundall

    Wing Sang 永生 was built in August 1938 by Hong Kong & Whampoa Dock Co as yard No.780. The ship was 3560 gross tons and was steam driven, capable of 14 knots. The ship escaped Singapore before the Japanese occupation and survived the war. Post war she returned to the China coast services trading between Hong Kong and Taiwan. In 1954 she was transferred to the West Indies and was renamed West Indian operating in a joint venture with the British Colonial Govt there but still under Indo China ownership. In 1958 the ship was sold to Shun Cheong Steam Navigation Co and renamed Taipooloy. The ship was transferred to Tai Ping SS Navigation Co in 1963 but continued to be managed by Shun Cheong. In May 1968 the ship was sold to Fuji Marden & Co and scrapped in Hong Kong.

  • Dear Peter,
    Thanks a lot for your kind reply and the information provided. Would you also have any details on the routes and schedules of this ship in those times? Also, any details of the ship itself, such as number of passengers or cabins, crew, general arrangement etc.?
    Thanks again and best regards,
    Asoka

Leave a Reply to Hein Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *