“Lead Mine Pass” Mine – closure due to major fatal accident?

Tymon Mellor: It has never been clear why if there was a lead mine at Lead Mine pass, no one has developed the site when exploration has been undertaken all over the territory. There are references to the mine location on the contemporary maps and within Government reports following the take over of the New Territories in 1898. But no further details.

Lead Mine Pass Mine - Tymon map

In a confidential Government report of 1905 regarding the alignment of the proposed KCRC railway, Enclosure B identifies trade and industries in the New Territories and notes; “Silver and lead exist, and there have been mines, above Fo Tan in Tide Cove, and at the Un-iu Gap at Tai Po [Lead Mine Pass]. The last were shut down about twenty five years ago [around 1880], not because they were not paying, but owing to about 48 men being killed by the roof falling in.”
If this was the case, people are unlikely to re-open the mine and risk disturbing the spirits. Over time the ground would collapse and stabilise leaving the slump features evident in the 1963 orthophoto.
The report also hints at other finds, “There is a persistent report that gold exists in the hills on the east of the road from Tai Po to Fan Ling about where the Lung Yeuk Tau Road branches off.” This would be the modern Shau Tau Kok road and the area of the proposed North Fanling development.
HF: “Lead from galena was once mined at Lead Mine Pass and was used for debasing coins. Unfortunately, the deposits were of poor quality, and the mine ceased operating in 1898.”
B. Owen + R. Shaw Hong Kong Landscapes: Shaping the Barren Rock HKUP, 2007 p101

Related Indhhk articles:

  1. Why “Lead Mine” Pass?
  2. Why “Lead Mine’ Pass – location
  3. “Lead Mine Pass” Mine – UK In Gap connection
  4. “Lead Mine Pass” – recent Shing Mun Arboretum visit
  5. Mines in Hong Kong, a list



  • Bob Cheung

    Dear Sir,

    I am very interested on the confidential document of the alignment on future KCRC. Would you provide the name or source of the document? Thank you.


    • Hello Bob

      Sorry, I don’t know the name of the document. One of our contributors is writing an article about this subject. When he posts this article hopefully he will reveal his sources and this will be amongst them.

      Hugh Farmer

      • Bob Cheung

        Thank you very much! I find it is quite difficult in searching for the government documents posted before the war and therefore i find this website very useful.


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