The Hong Kong Fishing Industry during World War Two – on the trail of Amakusa Marine
David Bellis, Mike T, Hugh Farmer and Elizabeth Ride: New information in red.
In 19 Queries & Answers: Amakusa Marine Products Industrial Company, 1942, HF wrote, “By December 1942 around 18,000 Hong Kong Chinese fishermen were reported to be receiving instructions from the Amakusa Marine Products Industrial Company.” (Snow)
I said I could find nothing out about this company which if the above is correct was prominent in the HK fishing industry during the Japanese occupation, WW2.
David Bellis of Gwulo.com noticed my 19 Q&A, researched Amakusa Co. and came up with the following:
First in the Hong Kong Fisheries Bulletin, Issues 1-4. David notes this is not fully viewable online, “By May 1942 however, the well known Japanese fishing company Nippon… [HF Nippon Kaiyu Toze Kaisha Ltd?].. but smaller, Japanese fish trading company, the Amakusa Suisan Kaisha Ltd., …also established in Hong Kong.
As David suggests a different version of the Amakusa Marine Products Industrial Company.
Second a HKU Essay on the evolution of regulations in the HK Fishing Industry.
I have extracted the relevant paragraph from pp4+5. This says a “marketing organisation” was sponsored by the “Authority” formed by two Japanese fishing companies, a local fishing company and members of the wholesale dealer’s association. Footnote 7 explains these were:
a) Nippon Kaiyu Toze Kaisha Ltd (later changed to Ninami Nippo Nyonyo Kaisha Ltd)
b) Amakusa Suisan Kaisha Ltd
c) Hip Woh Fishing Co.
Mike T has also done some digging: From David’s link, page 5 above, I note reference to Amakusa Suisan Kaisha Ltd. (天草水産会社; Amakusa Marine Company Ltd.) and Nippon Kaiyo Toze Kaisha Ltd aka Ninami Nippo Nyonyo Kaisha Ltd.
The former, I’m presuming is related to — or a variant translation of — Amakusa Marine Products Industrial.
Two companies called Amakusa Suisan (Amakusa Marine) seem to exist currently, in Amakusa and Osaka, Japan. No idea if they’re related.
Finally Elizabeth Ride found this BAAG KWIZ #78 report. She says the Japanese name for this Department is:
And wonders could the ‘Marine Products Department’ be the Japanese company you are looking for?
- Snow, Philip, The Fall of Hong Kong: Britain, China and the Japanese Occupation, Yale University Press, 2003
- Essay on the evolution of regulations in the HK Fishing Industry only the first page is foggy, scroll down. Lawrence WC Lai & Ben T Yu, Dept of Real Estate and Construction, Faculty of Architecture, The University of Hong Kong, Dec 1998
- http://gwulo.com/node/18754 David Bellis’ information about The Amakusa Marine Products Industrial Company
HF: The photo used in this article is by Hedda Morrison and shows “landing baskets of assorted small fish from fishing boats in Aberdeen harbour, Hong Kong Island, 1946-47.” If you find any images of commercial fishing in HK during the Japanese Occupation please let me know.