European Settlements in the Far East – Part One, Industries in HK around 1900
Vaudine England has kindly sent a link to what she describes as a typically 1900-era directory of the European empires in the east. Of great interest to us is a rather neat summary of the industry and shipyards in Hong Kong at that time. The author was D Warren Smith.(1)
I thought I would divide these summaries into two parts. First up – Hong Kong industry. To aid reader’s searches I have retyped the relevant pages.
We have articles about several of the companies and industries mentioned which I have linked under Related Indhhk articles below. I’ve also included images, from around 1900, of a couple of companies mentioned.
I do not believe we have anything posted on the following subjects and would naturally be grateful if anyone could provide information about or images of:
a large rum distillery connected to China Sugar Refining Company
an Ice Factory, Bowrington. Bowrington, was an area, named after John Bowring, 4th Governor of Hong Kong from 1854-1859, developed in Eastern Wanchai at a river mouth between the harbour and Happy Valley, enlarging the river into a canal. The canal was formerly called Bowrington Canal but is now covered over and runs underneath Canal Road East and Canal Road West. (2)
a Rope Factory at Belcher’s Bay
Steam Saw Mills also at Bowrington
a Glass Manufactury at Kowloon
a Feather Cleaning and Packing Establishment at Kennedy Town
plus two or three unnamed Engineering Works.
and finally, a Green Island Cement Company works at Deep Water Bay on Hong Kong Island. We have several articles about the company at Kowloon Bay.
“Manufactures are yearly increasing in importance. There are three large sugar refineries: the China Sugar Refining Company’s establishments at East Point and at Bowrington, and the Taikoo Sugar Refinery at Quarry Bay. In connection with the first-named Company there is also a large Distillery, where a considerable quantity of rum is manufactured. There is an ice factory at Bowrington, a large Rope Factory in Belcher’s Bay, Steam Saw Mills at Bowrington, a Glass Manufactury at Kowloon, A Feather Cleaning and Packing Establishment at Kennedy Town, A Soap Factory at Shau Ki Wan, and two or three Engineering Works.
The Green Island Cement Company has works at Deep Water Bay, on the south side of the island, and at Kowloon Bay, beyond Hongkong.
A Paper Mill on a considerable scale, fitted with the best English machinery, was erected at Aberdeen in 1891. The works of the Hongkong and China Gas Company are situated at West Point, and those of the Hongkong Electric Company at Wanchai.
The city is illuminated partly by gas and partly by the electric light, the latter having been introduced at the end of 1890. Among the industries pursued by the Chinese are glass-blowing, opium-boiling, soap-making, vermilion and soy manufacture, tanning, dyeing; beancurd, toothpowder, and cigar-making, boat-building etc etc. The Hongkong Cotton Spinning, Weaving and Dyeing Company, Limited, has a mill of 50,000 spindles at So Kunpo, which commenced running with 12,000 spindles in June, 1899.” (1)
- European settlements in the Far East; China, Japan, Corea, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Malay States, Siam, Netherlands, India, Borneo, the Philippines, etc., D. Warres Smith, Sampson Low, Marston & Company, London, 1900
- Signs of a Colonial Era, Yanny and Heller, HK University Press, 2009
- Why Wan Chai is not called Bowrington gwulo.com
This article was first posted on 18th October 2018.
Related Indhhk articles:
- The China Sugar Refinery Company (previously Wahee, Smith & Co)
- The Taikoo Sugar Refinery
- Taikoo Sugar Refinery – Bullivant’s Ropeway for transporting coal from ship to shore
- Tai Shing Paper Mill – builders of the Aberdeen Lower reservoir, 1890
- The Hongkong and China Gas Company Ltd – early history from 1860s
- Bullivant & Co, Millwall London, supplier of Taikoo Sugar Refinery’s aerial ropeway cables – additional information
- Dr Ferdinand Korn, Tai Koo Sugar and a case of the ‘British disease’?
- F. Blackhead & Co.’s Soap and Soda Factory – Shau Kei Wan 1896
- Green Island Cement Company – stunning photos
- Green Island Cement Company – aerial ropeway
- Noel Croucher – philanthropist and director of Green Island Cement and Hong Kong and China Gas
- Robert Taylor – Manager of Green Island Cement – interned and badly injured in Stanley Camp during the Japanese occupation
- Ling Hang Quarry – supplier to Green Island Cement Company
- John Laird Wright – MacDonald & Co Shipyard, HK and Green Island Cement, Macau
- Green Island Cement Company during World War Two
- The Green Island Cement Company – Conflagration – March 1906
- Green Island Cement Company – photographs c1900