SS Hong Moh wrecked, 900-1,000 loss of life, sailed from Hong Kong March 1921
Two versions of the wrecking of the SS Hong Moh which sailed from Hong Kong in March 1921
The ship was built by Charles Connell & Company of Scotstoun, and was launched on 8 September 1881 as SS City of Calcutta for George Smith & Sons’ City Line. The 3,954 GRT ship was 400 feet (120 m) long, 42 feet 1 inch (12.83 m) in the beam, with a draught of 30 feet 1 inch (9.17 m), and was powered by a triple expansion steam engine.
In 1902 the ship was sold to Lim Ho Puah of Singapore, and renamed SS Hong Moh to operate in the fleet of Wee Bin & Co. In 1911 the ship was transferred to Lim Peng Siang, the son of Lim Ho Puah, when the Wee Bin company was liquidated, and operated by the Ho Hong Steamship Company.
Hong Moh sailed from Hong Kong on 2 March 1921, bound for Swatow, under the command of Henry William Holmes, with a crew of 48 and 1,135 passengers aboard. When she arrived off Swatow on the morning of 3 March, the ship anchored off Bill Island and signalled for a pilot to take her in. When the pilot arrived he informed the master that his ship’s draught was too great to cross the bar, so the ship set a course for Amoy. About two hours later, at 7.20 p.m., in rough seas and poor visibility, the ship struck the north-west point of the White Rocks. The weather deteriorated, making it impossible to launch any lifeboats, and at 3 a.m. on 4 March the ship broke in two.
Several ships passed within sight of Hong Moh, but having lost electrical power she was unable to signal them. Finally at 9. a.m SS Shansi approached Hong Moh, and attempted to launch her boats. This failed, but the ship stood by until the afternoon of 5 March, rescuing several passengers and crew who had abandoned ship and attempted to swim to safety, many drowning in the process, including the Master. Shansi then sailed into Swatow with about 45 survivors aboard, to procure further assistance for the stricken ship.
The British Consul in Swatow informed the Senior Naval Officer at Hong Kong, who broadcast a radio message requesting ships to come to Hong Moh‘s assistance. The Acacia-class sloop HMS Foxglove responded, arriving off Swatow around 10.30 p.m, but was unable to locate the wreck in the darkness. At dawn the next morning the C-class cruiserHMS Carlisle arrived, and together the two ships rescued more survivors from the wreck. Running short of fuel Foxglove sailed for Hong Kong at 5 p.m. with 48 survivors aboard, while Carlisle continued to work throughout the night using searchlights, and into the next day. Carlisle‘s captain, Edward Evans, swam over to the wreck at around 8 p.m on 7 March to help the last few survivors aboard the ship’s boats. Rescue operations were finally abandoned at 11 p.m. At dawn on 8 March Carlisle‘s boats approached the wreck, but found no signs of life, so Carlisle departed for Hong Kong with 220 survivors aboard.
Captain Evans of Carlisle, along with Lieutenant-Commander Ion Towerand Gunner John G. Dewar were awarded the Board of Trade Silver Medal for Gallantry in Saving Life at Sea, while Leading Seaman W. G. Eldrett and Able Seaman A. E. Whitehead received the award in Bronze.(source 1)
- “SS City of Calcutta”. Clyde-built Ship Database. Retrieved 6 December2012.
- Findings of the Marine Court of Inquiry” (PDF). Hong Kong Government Gazette: 226–227. 27 May 1921.
- “Wreck of Hong-Kong Steamer”, The Times, 9 March 1921
- “Finding of the Marine Court of Enquiry in connection with the stranding of the S.S. Hong Moh”, (PDF) Hong Kong Government Gazette, 27 May 1921
- “Gallantry at Sea”, The Times, 29 October 1921
- Medal Citation for Evans and Dewar, The Times, 16 February 1923
5HONG MOH HoHong S.S. Co.; 1881; C. Connell & Co.; 3,954 tons; 400×42.1×30.1 ft.; 560 n.h.p.; triple expansion engines. The British steamship Hong Moh, on a voyage from Singapore to Arroy with some 1,100 Chinese passengers, was wrecked on March 3rd, 1921, on White Rocks, Lamock Island, off Swatow, in a storm. The British warship Foxglove and the light cruiser Carlisle went to her assistance and Foxglove took off 28 men but the worsening weather made further rescue impossible until Capt. Evans of the Carlisle swam to the wreck carrying a line. By this means a further 230 persons were saved. ref. used: Hocking C., Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam
Jan Lettens 05/04/2010 The Royal Navy light cruiser HMS Carlisle was anchored at Bako (Makung) in the Pescadores and immediately ordered to give assistance. She arrived on 6 March, by which time there were only about 350 survivors clinging to the wreck. The Carlisle was unable to get within a mile of the wreck due to the heavy seas, but a motorboat and a cutter worked continuously to save as many as they could. The Carlisle´s captain, Captain Edward Evans CB DSO, himself swam to the wreck to assist the survivors into the boats. Altogether, the HMS Carlisle saved 221 people, taking them to Swatow. HMS Foxglove also took off 28 survivors and SS Shansi took off 45.
Jan Lettens 05/04/2010 SS Hong Moh was a passenger steamship owned by the Hong Kong Steamship Company which was wrecked on 3 March 1921 with the loss of about 1,000 lives. The Hong Moh was registered in Singapore and had a tonnage of 3,954 tons. She was en route from Singapore to Amoy (Xiamen), China, when she struck the White Rocks on Lamock Island, near Swatow (Shantou) on the southern coast of China. She was carrying about 1,100 passengers, most of them Chinese. She broke in two and most of the passengers and crew were lost before help arrived.(source 2)
This article was first posted on 15th January 2019.
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