Pre-WW2 Industrialisation – products, when first manufactured and by whom
HF: The following list shows the product, date when first manufactured in Hong Kong and the company involved. The website has information about only of two of these, Leung So Kee Umbrella Factory, and The Hong Kong Cotton- Spinning, Weaving and Dyeing Co. Ltd.
Therefore further information about any of these companies would be welcomed. And confirmation that they were indeed the first to manufacture the product in Hong Kong, some of them appear to be later than I would have expected.
The dates also appear to slightly differ from other sources we have. For example the image shown to accompany this article of Leung So Kee Umbrella Factory says “since 1885″ and not 1886. And the Hong Kong Cotton- Spinning, Weaving and Dyeing Co. Ltd. was formed in 1898 not 1899.
The large range of products again demonstrates the amount of manufacturing that went on pre-WW2 in Hong Kong.
The information comes from a short but fascinating catalogue ” Made in Hong Kong…” published in 1988 by The HK Museum Of History which I believe accompanied an exhibition. I presume it is not in print.
|Glassware||1880||Lam Wang Loong Glass Factory|
|Umbrellas||1886||Leung So Kee Umbrella Co.|
|Printing||1888||Hongkong Printing Press Ltd.|
|Textiles||1899||The Hong Kong Cotton-Spinning,Weaving and Dyeing Co.Ltd|
|Leather goods||1900||Wah Kee Leather Factory|
|Tobacco packaging||1904||Nanyang Brothers Tobacco Co. Ltd.|
|Cosmetics||1905||Kwong Sang Hong Ltd.|
|Wooden furniture||1905||You On Co.|
|Hosiery||1908||Li Man Hing Kwok Weaving &Manufacturing Co. Ltd.|
|Singlets, vests||1908||Tai Hing Knitting Factory|
|Baking machines||1910||Chun Shing Machinery Works|
|Firecrackers||1910||Kwong Man Loong FirecrackerManufacturing Co.|
|Hats||1916||China Brothers HatsManufactory Co.|
|Dyeing & printing||1921||Wing Pang Knitting Co. Ltd.|
|Lanterns||1921||Kwong Tai Loong|
|Canning||1924||Amoy Canning Corporation(HK) Ltd|
|Rubber Footwear||1925||Fung Keong Rubber Manufactory Ltd.|
|Rattan furniture||1925||Kowloon Rattan Ware Co. Ltd.|
|Embroidered goods||1925||Tai Sung Embroidery Co.|
|Batteries||1926||Wing Lok Battery Co.|
|Confectionary||1926||Garden Co. Ltd.|
|Wall clocks||1927||Nam Jam Factory|
|Flashlights||1928||Ling Nam Hardware Manufacturing Co.|
|Paint||1932||China Paint Manufacturing Co.|
|Aluminium ware||1932||Keung Wah Aluminium andEnamelware Factory|
|Vacuum flasks||1933||Tai Hing Bottle Factory|
|Hurricane lamps||1933||World Light Manufactory Ltd|
|Steel furniture||1933||Tai Ying Steel WindowManufactory Co.|
|Electric fans||1934||Ngai Sun Metal Works|
|Bakelite utensils||1934||Powell Industrial Co.|
|Printing machines||1936||Ngai Hing Machine Manufacturers|
|Bicycles||1936||Union Cycle Manufacturing Co.|
|Military goods||1937||Daiward Steel Works|
|Enamel ware||1938||I-Feng Enamelling Co (HK) Ltd|
|Needles||1938||Dah Chung Industrial Co. Ltd|
|Diesel trucks||1938||South China Iron Works Ltd.|
See: Turner M, Made in Hong Kong: A History of Export Design in HK 1900-1960, HK Museum of History, Urban Council, 1988
This article was first posted on 20th May 2014.
Related Indhhk Articles:
- Textiles – The Hong Kong Cotton- Spinning, Weaving and Dyeing Co. Ltd.
- Umbrellas – Leung So Kee – umbrella manufacturer
Amoy still exists but is now a brand of Ajinomoto. See their company history here, including their factory address from 1929:
Leung So Kee still has a shop in Dragon Centre in Yen Chow Street, SSP. I have no idea where is their factory these days though.
Thanks & Best Regards,
I have inserted this information into the article, Leung So Kee – umbrella manufacturer