Coal in Hong Kong – initial notes
HF: It was never mined here. So this article is an initial attempt to put together what little we have about importing coal and how it was used in Hong Kong: transport, manufacturing, utilities, shipping, domestically…can you add to this article? I have also included charcoal and for general interest information about and images of China and Taiwan/Formosa on these subjects.
Linked articles are those posted on our website unless otherwise stated.
Subjects included to date are:
Coal – China
Coal Power Stations, Hong Kong
China – coal
China’s coal capital is dying as local natural resources are exhausted SCMP 10th May 2019
The Oriental Ship Supply Company
Coal Consumption in Hong Kong
HF: information added on 7th July 2020.
Mr Murrow’s Coal Godowns
The Chinese Engineering and Mining Company
The Chinese Engineering and Mining Company, 1900-1949 (1984)
Is this from the Lackawanna Coal Mine , Scranton, Pennsylvania?
Gibb,Livingston & Company
Wang Kee & Company
The Asia Coal & Briquetting Company Ltd
Japan Coal – Mitsubishi Shoji Kaisha
Kaiping household coal –The Kailan Mining Administration
Sze Wai & Company
Hop Hing Coal Merchants
Ying Kee coal shop
Ying Kee Hard Coal shop, Peel Street, Central
Hong Kong Companies using coal
Green Island Cement Company
World War Two -1945 BAAG report on occupied Hong Kong – [Green Island] cement works
North Point Store unless corrected it is presumed that the following images are all at the North Point Store location
“The original boilers and steam engine were in any case probably due for replacement before long on account of their age. But a stronger incentive for electrification was no doubt the anticipated savings in coolies’ wages paid for hauling coal up from the docks, almost 400 metres below.” Unknown source – possibly from a HK & Shanghai Hotels group publication/newsletter.
Power Stations – using Coal
Castle Peak 1982 to present
Hok Un 1921 to ?
Hok Un A 1940 to 1991?
Hok Un B 1950 to 1991
Hung Hom 1903 to ?
Lamma Island 1981 to present
North Point Power Station
IDJ: The most important land extension, however, was that concerned with a decision taken during the Seamen’s Strike of 1922, when female coal coolies under duress, failed to appear for work. The company not wanting to be held to ransom in future when critical electricity supplies were involved had to explore more efficient ways of off-loading coal from mid-stream cargo ships to junks, from junks by ladder and planks to shore, and finally to storage bunkers.
North Point Power Station
North Point A 1919 – 1950s
North Point B 1958 – 1989
Wanchai 1890 – 1922
Ship to shore
Taikoo Sugar Refinery
Public Works Office – Filter Beds, Pumping Stations, Reservoirs, Stores
World War Two
Coal Supply during the Japanese Occupation
World War Two -1945 BAAG report on occupied Hong Kong – coal supply
The undated image shown on the Home Page is of the KCR.
This article was first posted on 26th October 2015.
- Historical Photographs of China This project aims to locate, digitalize, archive, and disseminate online photographs from the substantial holdings of images of modern China held mostly in private hands outside the country.
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