Kau Shat Wan 狗虱灣 , Lantau Island – government explosives depot

The history of explosive storage in Hong Kong is an interesting one. The earliest location appears to have been Magazine Island, originally named One Tree Island, which lies just to the West of Aberdeen Harbour.  From 1887 to 1908 it was leased for an annual rent of $100, by the Nobel Explosives Company, who built a magazine, a road and planted trees.

Magazine Island was abandoned when the Government completed the construction of the explosives depot on Green Island.

Explosive storage became more important following the 1967 riots and the Hong Kong Mines Division elected to have all commercial explosives stored on Stonecutters Island prior to being issued to the various blasting sites around the colony. British Royal Army Ordnance Corps  soldiers oversaw all commercial explosive issues post 1968 until the colony was transferred to China in 1997.

There was a government depot on Kellett Island as well, until taken over by Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club. And at Pipers Hill, Tai Po Road, Kowloon. Dates for both unknown.

IDJ has sent this article and photo about the latest Hong Kong Government explosives depot at Kau Shat Wan, Lantau Island which was commissioned in 1997. Kau Shat Wan was a bay located between Discovery Bay and Mui Wo on Lantau Island.The bay was reclaimed in 1994 to construct the explosives depot.

But first the depot’s location extracted from the CEDD report linked below. (1)

Kau Shat Wan explosives depot map CEDD snipped

Courtesy: CEDD

Kau Shat Wan explosives depot article from IDJ 001

At present, there are only two Government Explosives Depots in Hong Kong, which are respectively located at Kau Shat Wan on Lantau Island and Sha Tin Heights in Kowloon, and as vehicles carrying explosives are prohibited from entering cross harbour tunnels, explosives required for the works projects on Hong Kong Island are mainly delivered by sea transport from Lantau Island. [Issued December 1, 2010] (2)

Sources:

  1. Cavern Storage of Explosives at the Government Depot, Kau Shat Wan, Lantau
  2. HK Government Press Release – Government Explosives Depots

Related Indhhk articles:

  1. Magazine Island – The British Dynamite Co / Nobel Explosives Co
  2. Alfred Nobel 1833-1896 (British Dynamite Company – Magazine Island Hong Kong)

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