Jidosha Kabushki Kaisha Ltd (Nissan/Toyota?) bus company during WW2
HF: ” In January 1942, Hong Kong and Kowloon Jidosha Kabushki Kaisha Ltd took over the following bus routes:
No.1 Tai Hang to Sai Wan
No.2 The United Pier to The University
In October, the Hong Kong bus routes were taken over by HKKJKK Ltd and were changed to:
No.1 Star Ferry Pier to Aberdeen
No.2 Star Ferry Pier to the University
No.3 Star Ferry Pier to Stanley
As the Tai Hang – Sai Wan route was being served by the tram, the bus route was cancelled.” (1)
The kabushiki gaisha (Japanese: 株式会社?, lit. “share company”) [kabu͍ɕi̥ki ɡaiɕa] or kabushiki kaisha, commonly abbreviated KK, is a type of company (会社 kaisha) defined under the Companies Act of Japan. Often translated as “stock company”, “joint-stock company”, or “stock corporation”.
Was HKKJKK part of Nissan “In 1933, the [Nissan] company name was nipponized to Jidosha-Seizo Co., Ltd. (自動車製造株式会社 Jidōsha Seizō Kabushiki-Gaisha, “Automobile Manufacturing Co., Ltd.”).”
Or Toyota “トヨタ自動車株式会社 Toyota Jidōsha Kabushiki gaisha, which is called “ato-kabu“)?” (2)
Chi Man Kwong adds: If I remember correctly, the Japanese Occupation Government only merged CMB and KMB and used a Japanese name (Jidosha Kabushki Kaisha). People like Tang Shiu-kin (who collaborated) still ran the company throughout the war. But I have to check if the Occupation Government or Tokyo had any plans to hand the company to a Japanese enterprise (they sometimes entrusted Japanese zaibatsu to take over HK enterprises – for example the Taikoo Docks).
The image below is pre-Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. Any images of buses (or any form of transport), which are as rare as hen’s teeth during the occupation, would most welcome.
- Cheng Po Hung, Early Hong Kong Transport, University Museum and Art Gallery, The University of Hong Kong, 2009
- Various wikipedia
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