Asiatic Petroleum Company, China – family connections

Ian Brown has been in touch. His father’s cousin Joe MacDonald worked for the Asiatic Petroleum Company pre WW2. Ian writes,” the Shanghai base [of APC] seems to ring a bell for me when I recall my father talking about Joe MacDonald’s time in China which I feel was not necessarily that long, curtailed by the war. I have a record of him sailing on the Corfu for Hong Kong in November 1937, he married Lizzie Smith in September 1937, he married late at the age of 43.” I’ll post what Ian knows about Mr MacDonald in a separate article.

And Hong Kong based Nicholas Kitto also has a family connection to APC. On his website he writes, “my Grandfather, John ‘Jack’ Kitto, was recruited directly from school by Royal Dutch Shell in 1910. After training in their London office he travelled to Shanghai on the Trans-Siberian Railway and commenced work with The Asiatic Petroleum Company (North China) Limited on 16 September 1912. He remained with APC in various locations in China until his retirement in 1939.”

It seems highly likely that Joe and Jack will have known each other.

Nicholas has a superb collection of photographs of APC buildings in about nine cities in China. They are linked below.

Let’s start with some background information about the company.

Asiatic Petroleum Company was a joint venture between the Shell and Royal Dutch oil companies and was founded in 1903. It operated in Asia in the early 20th century with its corporate headquarters on The Bund, in Shanghai.

Before the formation of the Royal Dutch Shell Group in 1907, Shell Transport Trading Company Limited and Royal Dutch Petroleum Company, originally competitors, established a presence in the South China region. The Shell Company is recorded as exporting to China by 1891 and Royal Dutch by 1894.

The benefits of working together to develop Far Eastern markets for oil products had already become apparent by the early part of the new century and a joint venture, the Asiatic Petroleum Company Limited (APC), was set up for this purpose in 1903.

Before and after the merger of interests in 1907, much of the companies’ business was conducted through agents, but by 1913 demand for oil products had outgrown this arrangement and APC’s northern and southern branches were formed to manage operations in the region. APC (South China) set up its office in Hong Kong’s Central district as a regional head office for South China and the Philippines. These are the direct antecedents of the present Shell Companies in China and Hong Kong.

Asiatic Petroleum Company Arrow company houseboat c1920.1930s

The ‘Arrow’ APC houseboat Registered in ShanghaI C1920/1930S

In 1941, APC (South China) was the second largest corporation in Hong Kong, with an issued capital of over HK$150 million – just less than the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank.

However, business activities ceased during WWII when Japan requisitioned APC’s possessions in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

Asiatic Petroleum Company building, The Bund, Shangai, date unknown 1920s

Asiatic Petroleum Company building The Bund, Shanghai, 1920s?

See:

  1. Nicholas Kitto’s photographs of  Asiatic Petroleum buildings in China

Sources:

  1. Shell history in China  the company website
  2. Shell history in Hong Kong the company website
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asiatic_Petroleum_Company

Related Indhhk articles:

  1. Asiatic Petroleum Company – contemporary photographs of its Shanghai building
  2. Royal Dutch Shell Oil Company in China

 

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